Anxiety sensitivity as a confounding variable in the Social Phobia and Anxiety Inventory

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Description: It has been found that an unreasonably large proportion of undergraduate students score above criterion on the Social Phobia and Anxiety Inventory (SPAI; Turner, Beidel, Dancu, & Stanley, 1989). The present study tests the hypothesis that anxiety sensitivity, as measured by the Anxiety Sensitivity Inventory (ASI; Reiss, Peterson, Gursky, & McNally, 1986), is inflating the SPAI scores among non-socially phobic participants. To this end, 124 undergraduate students successfully completed both the SPAI and the ASI. Of those, 31 (25%) scored above-criterion on the SPAI and were invited to participate in a modified Stroop task to measure their color-naming latencies for social threat, social situation, anxiety sensitivity, and physical threat words. Twenty-eight of those who were invited successfully completed the Stroop task and were included in the analysis. Participants who scored above-criterion on the SPAI (and completed the Stroop task) were further divided into two groups based on their ASI scores. (Abstract shortened by UMI.)
Language: English
Format: Degree Work