The role of hope and expectations in performance outcomes

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Description: Previous research has found an association between hope and performance outcomes such that people with high hope appear to outperform people with low hope. Other research suggests that high hope individuals may have higher performance expectations than low hope individuals. This research sought to show that performance expectations were mediating the relationship between hope and performance outcomes. In other words, having higher hope causes higher expectations which leads to better performance. Undergraduate participants (N=85) completed the Hope Scale and were then given an abstractmotor task and asked about their performance expectations. Their actual performance was then obtained. Because this research failed to find a relationship between hope and expectations, the requirements of a mediating model were not met. Expectations did not mediate the relationship between hope and actual performance outcomes.
Language: English
Format: Degree Work