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The associations of universal value types with the Big 5 personality traits and individualism-collectivism in Lebanon and the United States

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Description: The current study used university student samples from Lebanon and the United States to examine whether there are cross-culturally stable patterns of relationships between the ten value types identified by Schwartz (1992) and the big 5 personality traits identified by McCrae et al. (2004) and the four cultural orientations identified by Triandis (1995). The data analysis revealed that the three personality traits with the most cognitive saturation (openness to experience, agreeableness, and conscientiousness) displayed cross-culturally similar patterns of associations with values in both Lebanon and the United States. Specifically, openness to experience is strongly related to the values of universalism and self-direction, agreeableness is strongly related to benevolence and universalism, and conscientiousness is strongly related to achievement, conformity, and security. Furthermore, the cultural orientation of individualism was found to be strongly related to the values that mark the higher-order value dimensions of openness to change and self-enhancement, whereas the cultural orientation of collectivism was found to be strongly related to the values that mark the higher-order value dimensions of self-transcendence and conservation. Surprisingly the horizontal and vertical cultural orientations did not have a major moderating impact on the relationship of values with individualism and collectivism within Lebanon.
Language: English
Format: Degree Work