||This thesis examines the effect of religious attitudes on the level of state-sponsored child care initiatives in France, Israel, and the United States. This issue is important because Americans have less access to public child care compared to the rest of the developed world, despite the fact that the number of working parents has risen steadily in the last four decades. A qualitative analysis of child care in each of the three cases, content analysis of newspaper opinion pieces, and public opinion data analysis were employed to answer the research question. Results demonstrated that religious attitudes and levels of religiosity negatively correlate with the level of state-sponsored child care initiatives. The data demonstrated that opinions advocating traditional gender roles were also connected with lower levels of children in public child care, implying that the two occur together when it comes to support and provision of child care policies.