||Objective. In the current study, an on-line alcohol education course was assessed to determine if it had an impact on the level of knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors of first-year college students who completed the course in comparison to first-year college students who did not complete the course. Participants. All incoming first-year students enrolled at the university during the fall 2007 semester, who were 18 years of age or older, understood English, had access to a computer and possessed appropriate computer skills, and were eligible to participate in the study. A total of 1093 students participated in the control trial. Method Summary. The students were randomly assigned to the experimental or control group. Both groups completed a Pre and Posttest Knowledge Survey and a Pre and Post-test Attitudes/Behavior Survey. The experimental group completed the on-line program AlcoholEdu for College and a Course Evaluation, while the control group did not. Results. Findings indicated that students who completed AlcoholEdu for College decreased their positive alcohol expectancies and decreased the average number of drinks consumed on the weekends in comparison to students who did not complete the program. The total number of students who self-reported being high-risk drinkers who completed the on-line course decreased in comparison to the high-risk drinkers in the control group. AlcoholEdu for College did not appear to have any beneficial effects on student's level of knowledge, negative alcohol expectancies, protective behaviors, negative consequences, or risky actions related to alcohol consumption. Conclusions. Results suggest that AlcoholEdu for College offers some promise for first-year students. Considering the degree of evidence-based strategies utilized in the on-line program, the results are disappointing.