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Relating interpersonal behaviors to the constructs of dominance and warmth

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Description: While substantial literature exists on the dimensions of dominance and warmth, few studies have empirically investigated how these constructs relate to observable interpersonal behaviors. One hundred participants provided dispositional ratings using the International Personality Item Pool - Interpersonal Circumplex (IPIP-IPC; P.M. Markey & C. N. Markey, in press). Next, participants were videotaped in a social interaction with a confederate, and 64 behaviors were coded from each tape. Behavior mapping, a method designed to relate individual behaviors to circumplex models, examined how the behaviors exhibited were related to the dispositional ratings. Vector correlations between predicted and observed behaviors were significant, indicating that behaviors were related to the IPIP-IPC in a predictable manner. Results further indicate that individuals high on dominance and warmth are outgoing and controlling, individuals low on both dimensions are reserved and insecure, individuals high on dominance but low on warmth are ambitious and condescending, and individuals high on warmth but low on dominance agree frequently and seek reassurance. These findings demonstrate the utility of examining the dimensions of dominance and warmth to predict interpersonal behavior more generally, and the utility of the IPIP-IPC specifically.
Language: English
Format: Degree Work